1. abandon v. 放弃,遗弃,抛弃

abandon the baby/ child/ friend

abandon the plan/ idea/ effort/ hope

abandon oneself to 陷入,沉湎于

He abandoned himself to despair(绝望).

2. ability n. 能力; 才能

the ability to walk 行走的能力

to the best of one’s ability 竭尽全力

He completed the job to the best of his ability.

3.abnormal adj.不正常的,畸形的,反常的

They thought his behavior was abnormal.


4. aboard prep. adv.在船(飞机,火车)上,上船(飞机,轮船)

all the people aboard 机上的人

5. about prep关于,ad 大约,到处

a) be about to do sth…(when) 正要做某事,这时......

I was about to go out when it began to rain.

b) look about/around/round

c) How/What about…询问情况或建议

6 . above prep 在…上面

above all 首先;尤其

7. abroad ad.到(在)国外

a) go /study /live abroad

b) at home and abroad在国内外

8. absence n. 不在,缺席

absence from work/ school

The decision was made in my absence.

in the absence of 在缺少...…条件下

The case was dismissed in the absence of proof.

9. absent adj. 缺席的,不在的

be absent from 缺席......

absent-minded adj. 心不在焉的

10. absorb vt. 1) 吸收,吸进(液体,气体等) 2) 理解,掌握

absorb ink/ water/ neat/ light/ oxygen/ sound/ energy

absorb information/ knowledge

be absorbed in 专注于,聚精会神于…...

11. abuse v. / n. 滥用,谩骂

abuse alcohol/ drugs 酗酒 /嗜毒

abuse power/ position/ privilege 滥用权力/职权/特权

12. accept vt. 接受,承认

accept the gift/invitation/plan

accept sb/sth as…

13. access n.方法,通路,机会

The only access to the farm was a narrow bridge.

Only high officials have access to the emperor.

We students have access to the school library.

accessible adj. 可进入的,可接近的,可使用的

Such information is not easily accessible to the public.

14. accident n.事故,意外的事

by accident/chance 偶然,无意中;不小心

15. accompany v. 陪伴,伴随,伴奏

accompany sb. to the school/supermarket

accompany the singer on/at the piano

Lightening(闪电)usually accompanies thunder.

16. accomplish v. 完成,到达,实现

accomplishment n. 成就,成绩

accomplish the task/purpose/goal

17. according to 根据

According to the law, he should be sentenced to death.

18. accuse vt. 指控,指责

accuse sb of (doing ) sth 控告…...

19. accustomed adj. 习惯的,适应的,惯常的

be/get/become accustomed to doing

He was soon accustomed to getting up early.

20. ache vi./n 疼痛

headache / toothache

My back aches so much.

21. achieve vt 达到;取得

achieve success/victory/one’s goal

22. achievement n. 成就,业绩;完成(任务等)

make great achievements

23. acknowledge v. 承认,致谢

It is generally acknowledged that global warming is caused by greenhouse gases(温室气体).

Yaoming is acknowledged as/to be the best player in China.

I acknowledged financial(财政的)support from the local government.

24. across prep./adv. 穿过,横穿

cross v. 穿过,横穿

cross a street

come/run across偶然碰到

25. act n.法令,条例 vt.表演,扮演,行动,做事

act as 充当;扮演

act out 把…...表演出来

26. action n. 行动

take action to do sth

put sth into action 把…付诸实施

27. active adj. 积极的;主动的

take an active part in/be active in 积极参加

28. activity n. 活动

outdoor activities 户外运动

29. actual a.实际的

actually adv.

in (actual) fact 实际上

30. adapt vi. 适应,适合,改编 vt. 使适应

adapt to change/the city life

adapt oneself to the new surroundings

adapt the novel for a film

31. add vt 添加,增加,补充说(that)

add(…)to 添加

add up 把…加在一起

add up to总计为; 总数为

a) His illness added to our trouble.

b) He added that he would come again.

c) Please add these figures(数字)up.

d) These numbers add up to 100.

e) He added some salt to the water.

32. address n.地址 vt.写地址;向…...讲话(尤指演讲)

address the letter to sb. 给某人寄信

The letter was wrongly addressed.

The president addressed the public.

33. adjust vt. 调整,调节,适应

adjust your speed/the volume(音量)/the camera

adjust to the dark/the single life

adjust yourself to the student life

adjustment n. 调整,调节

34. admire v 钦佩.;羡慕

admire sb for sth

I admire John for his courage.

35. admit vt (admitted ,admitted)

1) 承认

admit one’s mistakes

admit doing/having done

He admitted having stolen the money.

2) 准许(入场,入学,入会)

admit sb to/into→sb be admitted to

He has been admitted to Beijing University.

36. adopt v. 收养,采用,采纳

adopt a child

the adopted son/daughter

adopt a new policy/a suggestion/a plan/an attitude

37. advance vi. 推进,促进;前进

advanced adj. 先进的/ 高级的

in advance 预先,事先 an advanced worker

38. advantage n. 优点,好处(可数名词) 反:disadvantage

take advantage of 利用

have an advantage over 优于…...

to sb’s advantage 对(某人)有利

39. advertise vt. 为…...做广告


advertise a product


advertise for a new sales manager

40. advice n. advise vt. 忠告,劝告,建议

take/follow/accept one’s advice 接受某人的建议

ask sb for advice 向某人寻求建议

a piece of advice 一条建议

give sb some advice on sth

advise sb (not) to do

advise doing

advise that …(should)+do

Our teacher advised that we should study hard.

41. affect vt. 影响, 深深打动,使悲伤等

Smoking affects health.

People were deeply affected by the death of Jin Zhengri.

42. afford vt. 负担得起,抽得出(时间); 提供

can/could/be able to afford sth/to do sth

I can’t afford a book/to buy the book

43. afraid a. 害怕的;担心的

be afraid to do 因为害怕不敢做…...

be afraid of doing 害怕...…

She was afraid to go out alone at night.

She was afraid of waking him up.

44. against prep 对着,反对, 违背,靠着,迎着,衬着

stand against the wall (靠墙站着)

go against nature

be against sth

They are strongly against the plan.

The pine tree were black against the morning sky.

45. age n.年龄;时代 vi. 变老

for ages 多年

at an early age

at the age of …

of the same age=of an age

After his wife’s death he aged quickly.

46. agree vi. 同意;应允

1)agree with


agree with sb / what you say/your opinion.

②表示一致; (食物、天气、工作等)对…适宜:

The weather does not agree with me. 这种天气对我不适宜。

A verb must agree with its subject in person and number.

What he does does not agree with what he says. 他言行不一致。

2)agree to the plan/ the arrangement/ the suggestion .

3)agree on /upon主要指双/多方通过协商而取得一致意见或达成协议:

We agreed on the price. 我们就价格达成了一致意见。

Both sides agreed on these terms. 双方都同意这些条件。

4) agree to do sth

He agreed to go with us. 他同意同我们去。

5) reach/arrive at/come to an agreement

6) I can’t/couldn’t agree more.

47. ahead ad. 在前,向前

ahead of time 提前

go ahead 前进,干吧,说吧

48. aid n. 援助;救护;辅助工具 v. 帮助,促进

first aid 急救

in aid of 支持

by ( the) aid of 借助于,通过…的帮助

come/go to one’s aid 帮助某人

aid (sb/sth) in/with ( doing) sth 帮助某人做…...

49. aim at

① 瞄准,对准 He aimed the gun at the enemy officer.

② (向某方面)努力 Shes aiming at ( trying to win) a scholarship.

③ 针对某人 My words were not aimed at you.

50. alike adj. 相像的,十分相似的 adv. 相似地,相同地

We are alike in many ways.

They tried to treat their children alike.

51. alive a. 活着的,存在的

catch …alive 活捉


be alive with= be full of

The lake was alive with fish.

Who is the greatest man alive.(后置定语)

52. allow v 准许,允许

allow doing/sb to do

allow for 把......考虑进去

Has everything been allowed for in your plan?

53. almost adv. 几乎,差不多

Almost no one/nobody came to the party.

There was almost no snow that winter.

54. alone adj./adv. 单独,孤独

1) 形容词She is alone at home. (她独自一人在家。)

2) 副词I like to work alone. (我喜欢独自一人工作。)

3) 只有,仅仅 The shoes alone cost $200.

let /leave sb/sth alone 别打扰......

let alone 更不用说


1) 定语, 孤单的,无伴侣的,无人烟的,荒凉的,偏僻的 a lonely man/island.

2) 表语,孤寂的,寂寞的 feel lonely

He lives alone but he doesn’t feel lonely.

55. aloud ad.大声地

read aloud 大声朗读

think aloud 自言自语

56. amaze vt. 使惊奇/惊叹/惊异

What amazes me is how long she managed to hide it from us.

It amazed me that he could be so calm at such a time.

amazed adj. 惊奇的,惊异的

amazing adj.令人惊奇的/惊异的

57. amount n. 数额(尤指数量,大小等) vi. 总计,合计

a large amount of=large amounts of +不可数名词

amount to

1) (数量上)达到,总计

Time lost through illness amounts to 1,357 working days.因疾病而损失的时间总共为1357个工作日。


Ultimately, their ideas amount to the same thing. 归根结底,他们想的都是一回事。

58. amuse vt. 使发笑/愉快

The funny drawings amused the kids.

be amused by/at/with 被…逗乐

amuse oneself 自娱自乐

The boys amused themselves by drawing.

59. amusement n.

1) 娱乐,发笑

to one’s amusement 让某人发笑

They were dancing and singing in the car, much to the amusement of passers-by.


2) 娱乐活动,消遣活动 amusements

60. angry adj 生气的,愤怒的 (angrily/angrier )

be angry at (about) 因为...…而生气

be angry with sb 生某人的气

61. announce vt. 宣布,宣告,公布

announce a decision/plan/intention

announce sth to sb

announce that

At the end of the meeting , it was announced that an agreement had been reached.

make an announcement

62. announcement n. 通告,通知

63. annoy vt. (使)烦恼

be annoyed with sb.for (at) sth.

What annoyed him most was that he had received no apology.

annoyed adj. 略感烦恼(生气)的

annoying adj. 讨厌的,令人烦恼的

64. answer n/v.

the answer to the question

answer a question/the door/the phone

answer for 对… 负责

You will have to answer for your wrong doing one day.

65. anxiety n. 忧虑,焦急,担心

anxious adj. 焦虑的,不安的; 担心的; 渴望的,急切的

be anxious about sth for sb

be anxious to do sth

67. apologize v. 道歉,歉意

apology n.道歉,歉意

make an apology/apologies to sb for sth

apologise to sb for sth

68. appeal v. n. 吸引,呼吁,恳求

The design has appealed to people of all ages.

I appeal to you to protect the environment.

have/hold appeal for sb. 对某人有吸引力

lose one’s appeal 失去吸引力

69. appear

1) vi. 出现,露面

2) 系动词 似乎,好像

appear+ (to be) + n/adj 似乎

It appears (to sb) that /as if...

He appeared to be happy in the news.

It appears to me that he will win.

It appears that all the files have been deleted.档案好像都已经被删除了。

Police say there appear to be signs of a break-in.警方称似乎有破门而入的迹象。

70. appearance n. 出现,露面;容貌

judge by appearances 以貌取人

71. application n.申请

make an application for

72. apply v. 申请;应用

apply for 申请;请求

apply sth to …运用,应用

apply oneself to 致力于,集中精力做某事

73. appoint vt. 任命,委派,安排,确定

1) 任命,委派

A committee was appointed to consider the plan. 一个委员会被指定去研究这些计划。

He was appointed as chairman.

2). 约定,确定

Everyone got there at the appointed time.

In the evening he made his way to the appointed meeting place.

74. appointment n.约定,任命

make an appointment 约定,任命

his appointment as president 他担任总统的任命

75. appreciate vt. 欣赏;感激

appreciate your concern

appreciate doing sth

appreciate your abilities/fine works of art

I’d appreciate it if you let me get on with my job.

76. approach

1). v. 接近;靠近;走进

As they approached the wood, a rabbit ran out of the trees.

I find him difficult to approach. The winter vacation is approaching.

2). n. 接近;方法;途径;通路

He decided to adopt a different approach and teach the Bible through story-telling.

His approach to the problem are wrong. All the approach to the palace were guarded by troops.

77. approve vi. 赞成 vt. 同意,批准

approve of 赞成,同意

approve of one’s idea

He doesn’t approve of my leaving this year.

approve the plan/ proposal 通过/批准计划/提议

approval n.

79. argue vi. 争辩,争论 n. argument

1) argue for/against 赞成/反对

2) argue sb into/out of doing sth 说服某人做/不做某事

3) argue with sb about sth 与某人争论某事

80. arise (arose arisen)vi.

1) 出现,发生,产生

A new crisis has arisen. 新危机出现。


He arose at dawn. 他黎明即起。

81.argument n.


have an argument with sb about/over sth

2) 论点,论据

a powerful argument against smoking

82. arm

n. 手臂,支架 武器(复)

arm in arm 手挽手

take up arms 拿起武器

vt. 以…装备/武装起...来 arm…with…

Armed with the new equipment, the explorers entered the cave.

be armed to the teeth 全副武装

83. around 在周围; 在附近; 大约

around the corner 在拐角处,即将到来

around the clock 昼夜不停地

84.arrange vt. 安排,布置

arrange an appointment 安排预约

Have you arranged to meet Mark this weekend?

We had arranged that I would go for the weekend.我们商量好了,这个周末我去。

He arrived as arranged. 他如约而至。

The company will arrange for a taxi to meet you at the airport.

Dave arranged for someone to drive him home.

arrangement n. 安排,布置

make arrangements for…

85. arrest vt./n. 逮捕,拘捕

He got arrested for careless driving.

put/place sb under arrest 逮捕某人

86. arrive v. arrival n. 到来;达到

87. article n. 文章;东西;物品;冠词

an article of clothing 一件衣服

88. ashamed adj. 惭愧,害臊

89. asleep adj. 睡着的,熟睡的(表语形容词)

fall asleep 入睡

He seems to be fast asleep.

90. assist v. 帮助,协助

assist sb. in doing/with sth.

We’ll assist you in finding a place to live.

She employed a woman to assist her with the housework.

assistance n.

technical/military assistance 技术/军事援助

91. assume v. 假定,假设

It is assumed that…普遍认为......

I had assumed him to be a teacher. 我本以为他是老师。

He assumed an air of concern. 他装出关心的样子。

assuming (that)… 假设,假如

assumption n.

92. ashamed 感到羞愧的

a) be ashamed of 为......感到羞愧

c) feel ashamed for sb 替某人感到羞愧

ashamed & shameful

ashamed 指事物使人感到羞耻、惭愧、害臊

shameful 指事物或本身可耻不道德。

He is ashamed of his shameful conduct.

93. astonish v. 使震惊

astonished 感到震惊的

astonishing 令人震惊的

94. attach v. 贴上,系上,附加

attach …to...

95. attempt v./n. 试图,尝试

attempt to do sth

He was charged with attempting to kill his wife.

attempt sth

The plane crashed(坠毁)while attempting an emergency landing.

make an attempt to do/at doing 试图做某事

96. attend v. 看护,照料,服侍;出席,参加

attend a meeting/ school/ church/ the concert

attend to sth处理,注意,照料

I have a few other things to attend to.

attend on sb 看护,照料

97. attention n. 注意,关心

pay ( much/no/little) attention to doing(sth)

draw one’s attention to doing(sth)

fix one’s attention/mind/eyes on

attract one’s attention

98. attract v. 吸引,引起

Like attracts like. 物以类聚

99. available adj. 可利用的,可得到的,有效的

100. average adj 平均的;普通的 n. 平均数

on (the)average 平均

I was just an average sort of student. 我只是一个普通学生。

101. avoid v.避免,躲避

avoid doing

102. awake v. 唤醒;(awoke/ awoken) adj 醒着的

Is he awake or asleep?

awake to sth 意识到/醒悟到

It took her some time to awake to the dangers of her situation.

103. award n.奖品 v.授予

104. aware adj.意识到的

be aware of...

105. away adv.离开;远离

keep away from 保持距离

far away 在远处

right away 立刻,马上

give away 泄露,赠送

106. awful adj.可怕的; 糟糕的; 非常的; 极坏的 adv.非常,极




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